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Why is January 26 celebrated as R-Day? History and meaning

Last updated: January 26, 2023, 06:00 IST

Republic Day: The date was chosen because the Poorna Swaraj resolution of the Congress was promulgated on this day.  (Representative image: Shutterstock)

Republic Day: The date was chosen because the Poorna Swaraj resolution of the Congress was promulgated on this day. (Representative image: Shutterstock)

Republic Day 2023: January 26, 1950 marked the establishment of the Indian Constitution as it emerged from a brutal colonial past.

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY 2023: Today is the 74th Republic Day of India. It was on this day that the former British colony adopted its own constitution, drafted by the members of the Constituent Assembly. January 26, 1950 marked the establishment of the Indian Constitution as it emerged from a brutal colonial past. However, it was on November 26, 1949 that the Indian Constitution was first adopted. November 26 is celebrated as Constitution Day.

READ ALSO: Happy Republic Day 2023: Best Wishes, Images, Messages, Greetings And Quotes To Share On January 26

Republic Day: History

The Constituent Assembly was the body intended to draft the Constitution of India. It held its first session on December 9, 1946, attended by 207 members, including nine women. Initially, the assembly had 389 members, but after the independence and partition of India, on 15 August 1947, the strength was reduced to 299.

It took the assembly more than three years to draft the constitution, and they spent more than 114 days considering the contents of the draft alone. (representative image: Shutterstock)

The drafting committee headed by Dr BR Ambedkar was one of more than 17 committees of the Constituent Assembly. The task of the drafting committee was to prepare a draft constitution for India. The committee removed about 2,400 amendments while debating and deliberating the constitution, out of nearly 7,600 amendments tabled.

READ ALSO: Republic Day 2023: History, Evolution and Significance of the Indian Tricolor

The last session of the Constituent Assembly ended on November 26, 1949, when the Constitution was adopted. However, it was not until two months later, on January 26, 1950, that it came into effect after the signatures of the 284 members who signed it.

Republic Day: Meaning

January 26 was declared the Republic Day of India as it was the day when the Indian National Congress (INC) proclaimed India’s Declaration of Independence in 1930. The date was chosen because the Poorna Swaraj resolution of the Congress was proclaimed on this day.

The resolution also marked the beginning of a large-scale nationwide political movement against colonial rule. (representative image: Shutterstock)

The resolution also marked the beginning of a large-scale nationwide political movement against colonial rule.

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