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Medical Colleges in India Increased by 67% in the Last 8 Years: Centre

Medical colleges in India have grown by 67 percent in the past eight years, from 387 to 648. There are 355 government medical colleges and 293 private medical colleges, according to data released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). The number of government medical colleges (GMCs) alone has increased by 96 percent since 2014, while the private sector has grown by 42 percent. As a result, the number of medical chairs at the RUG and the PG has increased by 87 percent and 105 percent, respectively, according to the report.

In the past eight years, a total of 261 colleges have been added to the country’s medical education system. The number of undergraduate medical seats increased from 51,348 in 2014 to 96,077 in 2022. At the same time, the number of PG seats increased from 31,185 to 63,842.

“There have been concerted efforts over the past seven years to increase the number of medical colleges. Currently, there are 648 medical colleges in the country, of which 355 are government-owned and 293 are private. A total of 261 medical colleges have been added in the past eight years, leading to a 67 percent increase in the establishment of medical colleges with a whopping 96 percent increase in the number of Government Medical Colleges (GMC) alone and a 42 percent increase in the private sector since 2014,” the report said.

As of now, of these 157 medical colleges, 93 have already become functional and 60 are expected to be functional in the next two years, the ministry said.

(Source: mohfw.gov.in)

The Ministry of Health has highlighted the changes, advancements and new rules in medical education under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government in a booklet called Governance Reforms In Medical Education (2014-2022). The booklet states that central government reforms have created opportunities to improve quality, access and equity in the provision of qualified and trained health personnel.

The ministry further claims that India had only 387 medical colleges in 2014 and that the system had many problems. There was a discrepancy between education and health care, among other things, as well as high education costs and underutilization of existing resources.

Amid an incredible increase in the number of UG and PG medical chairs, colleges are experiencing a shortage of educators/teachers resulting in poor education of medical students.

The government has said that by investing in the expansion of GMCs, it is ensuring affordable vocational education for a larger population. However, based on a new Lancet study published on October 29 this year, the cost of medical education in India is skyrocketing.

“As of the year 2021, India has 13.01 lakh registered allopathic doctors (estimated active stock of 10.41 lakh-80%) and 5.65 lakh AYUSH doctors (total active 15.80 lakh doctors), leading to a combined physician population ratio of 1:834, which is better than the OECD region average of 1 per 1000,” the report said.

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